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Vitamin B 5 Deficiency – Vivek Bhardwaj

itamin B 5 is also known as pantothenic acid and it is one of the most important and vital vitamins for human life. Vitamin B 5 deficiency is rare.

One of the most important functions of vitamin B 5 is formation of blood cells, and it convert the food you eat (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) into energy.

Vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid is a very essential water soluble vitamin ,which is required by animals to synthesize co-enzyme A .

Vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid is also responsible for synthesizing and metabolization of proteins, fats and carbohydrates and its, anion is called pantothenate.

The vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid was discovered by Roger. J. Williams, in the year 1933.

Vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid is also used in combination with other B group vitamins.

Vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid is also commercially available as D-pantothenic acid (laboratory manufactured) , dexpanthenol, calcium pantothenate, etc.

The name vitamin B 5 was derived from Greek word Pantothen meaning
‘from everywhere’ and it is interesting to know that, we get small amount of pantothenic acid from every food, because vitamin B 5 is widely found in both plants and animal products.
Important sources of vitamin B 5 foods are as follows

We get vitamin B 5 from meat, pork, chicken, duck, turkey, beef, etc.

Fish are good source of vitamin B 5 e.g. salmon, shellfish, lobster, etc.

Dairy products such as milk, egg, yolk, yogurt and milk products are also good sources of vitamin B 5.

Vegetables like broccoli, avocado, sweet potatoes, kale, corn, cauliflower, tomatoes, mushrooms are rich sources of vitamin B 5.

We also get vitamin B 5 from legumes i.e. soybeans, split peas and lentils.

Whole grains and cereals are also good sources of vitamin B 5.

Other important sources of vitamin B 5 are sunflower seeds, peanuts, yeast, wheat gram, royal jelly, oatmeal, etc.

Vitamin B 5 deficiency is rare. Some important sign and symptoms of vitamin B 5 deficiency are fatigue, insomnia, burning feet syndrome, stomach pain, vomiting, upper RTI infection, tiredness, apathy, nausea, numbness, muscle cramps, hypoglycemia, insulin sensitivity etc.

Vitamin B 5 is used to treat allergies, acne, hair baldness, asthma, attention deficit hyper activity disorder (ADHD), autism, burning feet syndrome, yeast infection, heart failure, carpel turner syndrome, celiac disease, colitis, conjunctivitis, convulsions, cystitis, yeast infection, insomnia, depression, immunity booster, diabetic nerve pain, low blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, leg cramps due to pregnancy or due to alcoholism, obesity, neuralgia, headache, irritability, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, enlarged prostrate, Parkinson’s disease, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), stress and anxiety, hypothyroidism, skin disorders, stimulating adrenal glands, anti-ageing agent, cold and other infection, chronic fatigue syndrome, shingles, salicylate toxicity, streptomycin neurotoxicity, dizziness and wound healing. Various skin creams are also available in market to treat skin itching, healing of cold eczema and other skin conditions, insects strings, bites, poison, ivy diaper rash acne etc. Skin creams are also useful in preventing and treating skin reactions to radiation therapy.

The recommended daily dosage of vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid is as follows

Vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid is safe and no interactions or toxicity has been reported with vitamin B 5 or a pantothenic acid. Besides, always consult your doctor before starting vitamin B 5 supplement.

High doses of the vitamin B 5 10–20 mg/day may cause diarrhea or bleeding.

Warfarin or aspirin users must take precautions while using vitamin B 5 supplement, because vitamin B 5 may increase the risk of bleeding.

Vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid should not be taken with antibiotic tetracycline, because it may interfere with the absorption and effectiveness of the drugs.

Alzheimer’s disease patient always consult their doctor before taking vitamin B 5 supplement because it can interfere with the drug taken by Alzheimer’s patient.

It is advisable not to take vitamin B 5 supplement along with royal jelly, because royal jelly also contains vitamin B 5.

Instead of taking vitamin B 5 supplement, always prefer vitamin B complex to prevent imbalance of other vitamin B group vitamins.

Don’t eat boiled foods, because vitamin B 5 is lost, when the food is boiled.

Always take vitamin B 5 supplement after the food.

If you don’t want to suffer from vitamin B 5 deficiency, you have to take vitamin B 5 everyday to replenish it’s supply because, vitamin B 5 is excreted through urine.

Thus, we see that vitamin B 5 or pantothenic acid, a water soluble vitamin, which helps in producing energy by breaking down proteins, fats and carbohydrates and also offers many health benefits. Vitamin B 5 is also responsible for good sleep because, vitamin B 5 helps in, regulating the body’s level of the amino acid
tryptophan, which helps the body to produce sleep inducing melatonin.

Vitamin B 5 is also very good for the health of your hairs and, it helps in increasing in hair growth by supporting and protecting the adrenal glands.


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