The most important part of our body is what gives us the most pain, right?. And when that part gets damaged, all that needed is a change, a transplant. A stem cell transplant , also called as a blood or marrow transplant is the injection or infusion of healthy stem cells which is infused into your body in order to replace the damaged or diseased stem cells. A stem cell transplant may be necessary if your bone marrow stops working and doesn’t produce enough healthy stem cells for proper functioning of the bodily functions.
It needs to be highlighted as well that although the procedure to replenish your body’s supply of healthy blood-forming cells is generally called a stem cell transplant. The stem cell transplants can also use cells from your own body (autologous stem cell transplant), from a donor (allogeneic stem cell transplant) or from an identical twin (syngeneic transplant). It has been found that stem cell transplants are effectively used to treat people whose stem cells have been damaged by disease or the treatment of a disease. Such stem cell transplants can play a very important role in providing benefits to people with a variety of solutions to combat both cancerous (malignant) and noncancerous (nonmalignant) diseases. Bone marrow transplant fundraising is an effective financial solution for families who can’t afford the high cost of surgery.
In India, Bone marrow transplantations have emerged as one of the major success stories in the healthcare department. It has also been proved to be called as a life-saving treatment option for people stricken with cancer and blood-related diseases. Also, there has been several studies which has shown it to improve survival rates from nearly 0% to as good as 85% in some forms of blood cancers.
Bone marrow has a spongy and soft tissue texture and stays inside your bones and contain stem cells. These special types of cells can create different kinds of blood cells like white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. If a patient is suffering from one of several types of cancers, it can restrict the normal development of blood cells (or hematopoietic cells) in bone marrow.
Today we have such a range of options because of improvements in our transplant techniques. We can find a donor who does not match completely; we can find a donor who matches completely but lives in another part of the world- matched unrelated donor. His stem cells can collected, flown across the India and transplant can be performed. We are able to sequentially give chemotherapy which knocks out the cells which are likely to cause complications. The way I see the future evolving is that possibly a time will come when no patient is denied a transplant just for want to have a suitable donor.
India provides cost-effective treatments to its patients. The bone marrow transplant cost in India, therefore, is also much less than what it is in other countries abroad. There are several types of transplants.
a. Pediatric bone marrow transplant
b. Feel weak, and may experience vomiting, diarrhea and/or a loss of appetite
e. Have regular platelet transfusions, cause of a low number of platelets
f. Be fed through a vein until you can eat by mouth and stomach side effects and mouth sores have gone away.
Transplantation of Stem cell or bone marrow are quite complex treatments that carry a significant risk of serious complications. Studies have found that people receiving transplants of their own stem cells (autologous transplants) are also less likely to experience serious side effects. The main risks of a blood and marrow stem cell transplant are infections, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and graft failure.
The cost of Bone Marrow Transplant in India ranges between USD 15000 to USD 16000 for Allogenic BMT, USD 22000 to USD 25000 for Autologous BMT and USD 30000 to USD 32000 for Haplo-BMT. For matched sibling donor transplant, the success rate is around 90%.
Some of the following factors may affect your cost of treatment:
- The kind of hospital you opt for
- Room– Standard single room, deluxe room, super deluxe room for the number of nights specified (including nursing fee, meals, room rate and room service)
- Operating room, ICU
- Fee for the team of doctors (Anaesthetist, Physiotherapist, Dietician)
- Standard test and diagnostic procedures
- Type of bone marrow used
- If the bone marrow is taken from a donor
- How many bone marrow injections are being given and how they are being given (intrathecal administration or intravenous administration)