Flu is a highly contagious respiratory illness. It is something that clings on to anybody without any invitation. Flu is usually caused by influenza types A and B viruses. It has been observed that in U.S. flu activity often begins sometime in October and takes a peak in December which goes up to February. Sometimes it does lasts until as late as May. Everyone is always looking out for ways on how to prevent flu.
Some facts and figures
Studies reveal that the flu pandemic of 1918–1919 has killed more people in the U.S. than that in the First World War. As on today somewhere between 9.2 million and 35.6 million cases of flu arise each year out here. Flu accounts for nearly 140,000–710,000 hospitalizations and about 12,000–56,000 deaths annually.
If you hunting for information that can help you in avoiding from being struck down by the flu then scroll down for some tips on how to prevent flu. Though we cannot guarantee a complete immunity but have tried our best to help you with a couple of guidelines that might just be beneficial in protecting you from getting sick this flu season.
To begin with what are the symptoms of flu?
Flu and common cold have many symptoms but both are way different from each other. Generally symptoms of cold arise gradually. These symptoms are milder than those of flu. On the other hand symptoms of flu come on quickly. They are very intense in nature and can cause severe health problems. One can get pneumonia from it or get hold of bacterial infections. In adverse cases chances of hospitalizations are also very high.
Who can be the victim of flu?
Young children, pregnant women, adults over the age of 65 years, and those with chronic medical conditions are at a greater risk of experiencing complications from flu.
Acquiring a flu shot
A flu shot is the most ideal way where you can protect yourself from any severe illness. Taking a flu shot in each flu season is highly recommendable. The shot helps to protect against three or four flu viruses that seems to be the most common during a specific flu season. As a practice flu vaccines get injected into the arm with a needle. The vaccines trigger antibodies to develop in the body. The process requires minimum two weeks to get in to action. The role of the antibodies is to provide protection against the strains of flu infection contained in the vaccine. Some people may get some side effects with the shot.
Benefits of the flu vaccine
It was noted that the flu vaccine managed to save nearly 40,000 lives in the U.S. in between the period of 2005 and 2014. The vaccine also helps in decreasing the chances of complications and death even when infection fails to be prevented.
Who should take the flu shot?
According to CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) anybody and everybody over the age of 6 months should go in for an annual flu vaccination. Several types of flu shots are available for different age groups, pregnant woman and for people with chronic health conditions.
Is the flu shot beneficial?
Nearly 40–60 percent of the risk of the flu is likely to get reduced when the flu vaccine is “well matched” to the circulating flu viruses. A good match can occur only when viruses in the vaccine and the circulating flu viruses are closely related. The antibodies generated through the vaccine starts doing the work and effectively protects against infection from flu.
To sum it up it is always advisable to keep yourself safe from flu. A flu vaccination is the best answer for the frequently asked question — how to prevent flu. It should be a must to safeguard yourself and your family from flu. Take the action on time before it is too late. Let’s bring the famous phrase — ‘prevention is always better than cure’ in to practice.