FILE PHOTO: Piglets are seen by a sow at a pig farm in Zhoukou, Henan province, China June 3, 2018. REUTERS/Stringer
The closures highlight the pain for global agriculture companies from the outbreak of African swine fever in China, the world’s top hog producer and pork consumer.
African swine fever, for which there is no cure and no vaccine, kills almost all infected pigs, though it does not harm people.
The disease has killed more than a million pigs in China since the nation’s first reported case last August, reducing demand for feed ingredients such as soymeal and pre-mixes, which are blends of vitamins and other nutrients sold by Cargill and other suppliers.
“This is not a six-month trend for China to recover,” Chuck Warta, president of Cargill’s animal nutrition and pre-mix business, said in an interview. “This is a 24-month, 36-month kind of resetting of the world’s population of animals.”
The outbreak accelerated closures of animal-feed mills in coastal regions of China that were also prompted by a westward shift over the past decade of the areas in which livestock are raised, Warta said. Most of the facilities will not be re-opened even if Beijing gets African swine fever under control, Warta said.
The number of mills that Cargill closed and their capacity was not immediately known.
Cargill still sees a bright future for its animal-nutrition business in China, Warta said. The company is expanding a pre-mix plant outside of Nanjing in eastern China and acquired land to build a young animal nutrition and pre-mix plant in northern China, he said.
“We’re idling some assets, but we’re shifting those resources into a different type of production that is more positioned to serve the market,” Warta said.
Cargill reported on Thursday that reduced hog feed demand in China, along with a U.S-China trade war and flooding in the American Midwest, led to a 41% drop in adjusted quarterly profits.
For the first six months of the year, China’s soybean imports dropped 14.7% from the same period last year as African swine fever curbed demand for hog feed, Chinese customs data showed on Friday.
Expectations for China to boost meat imports after losing hogs has caused some livestock producers in exporting countries to feed animals longer so that they grow bigger, Warta said.
Reporting by Tom Polansek in Chicago and Rod Nickel in Winnipeg; Editing by Sonya Hepinstall