Common Types of Arthritis – Fortis Memorial Research Institute

Common Type of Arthiritis

Osteoporosis, Bursitis, Kyphosis, Scoliosis and Tumors — among the musculoskeletal system conditions, none is as prevalent as arthritis. In fact, arthritis accounts for 15% of all conditions, making it a bigger public healthcare threat than diabetes, cancer and AIDS.

Brief description:

When a joint — an intersection of two or more bones — shows redness and swelling, the condition is called arthritis. Here, patients experience moderate to excessive pain, movement issues and stiffness. It affects a single joint or multiple joints, depending on the type, severity and causes. This rheumatic disease is more prevalent among women and elderly but can affect anyone. When any of the signs of arthritis become visible, it’s time to get in touch with the best orthopedic doctors in Gurgaon. Both recovery and symptom relief are possible.


Arthritis is a term used for over 100 different joint issues. The commonest of them include:

  • Osteoarthritis: The most prevalent of all arthritis types caused by wearing down of cartilage. The cartilage is essentially a protective coating on both ends of the bone. Once the cartilage cushion is no more, bones rub against each other leading to inflammation, pain, bone enlargement and spurs, and restricted joint movement. Osteoarthritis is more profound in the knee, hip, spine and other joints that bear the body weight. Typically, the elderly are more prone to it but youngsters with injury or overuse are also at risk.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that affects the joint linings. The clinical indications may include stiff, swollen and painful joints. The pain often intensifies after rest. Although it can affect any joint in the body, wrist and hand joints are more vulnerable. In fact, it may be detrimental to the heart, lungs or other vital organs.
  • Gout: When the pain and inflation are due to build up of uric acid crystals in joints, the condition is known as Gout. It’s also characterized by joint tenderness and redness.
  • Lupus: An autoimmune disorder caused by immune system anomaly. Instead of warding off foreign elements, the system mounts an attack on own tissues tendons and organs. The condition impacts skin, RBCs, kidneys, brain, heart, and other organs besides joints.
  • Scleroderma: The condition has its roots in excessive production of collagen by the body. The protein deposits on the skin, joints and connective tissues, rendering them thicker and harder. It may lead to scars on kidneys and lungs.

Who’s at risk?

· Arthritis is linked to ageing. With age, the cartilage erodes, exposing you to arthritis.

· Women run a higher risk of contracting the condition.

· Genetics can also lead to certain types of arthritis.

· Excessive weight damages ligaments in the knee, leading to arthritis.

Trauma caused by impact or injury is a key contributing factor.

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