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Top 5 technological innovations in medicine – Ernest Mugoya – Medium

Top 5 technological innovations in medicine

Technology creates reality because it is a possibility, it is adaptability and it is capability!

Integration of innovation has awaken the drive to provide quality healthcare at low costs and shorter time.

Here are some of the ways that innovation has increased our abilities and wisdom as in practice of medicine

1. Cancer Nanotherapy

This technology is one of the most important innovations of our time. Nano therapy devices are popular because of their higher precision and less overall cost when using them in treating cancer.

Nanoparticles have a large surface area to volume ratio which enables many functional groups to be attached to a Nanoparticle that seeks out and binds to new tumor cells.

Common nanoparticles are made from metals such as silver and gold that range from 1–100 nm. Using nanoparticles contrast agents has improved ultrasound images distribution and contrast.

Common nanoparticles in use include:

  • Abraxane — this was approved and authorized for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the treatment of pancreatic, breast and non-small-cell lung cancer. It is an albumin-bound agent.
  • Onivyde — liposome-encapsulated irinotecan approved by FDA in 2015 is used to treat metastatic pancreatic cancer.

2. Brain-Machine Interfaces

The brain-machine interface (BMI) is an external device capable of converting neuronal information into commands that can be interpreted by external hardware such as a robotic arm.

According to information from the world center for statistics, the number of amputations has been on the rise. The common causes of these amputations are cardiovascular diseases.

The BIM technology, therefore, has greatly helped these citizens by providing them with alternative robotic limbs.

The defense advanced research projects agency (DARP) has been doubling its efforts to improve their performance and reduce the cost of these expensive devices.

3. Electronic Aspirins

People who regularly have migraines and headaches have for a long time been resorting to carrying aspirins to alleviate the condition but with the introduction of Electrical Aspirin technology all that is set to end soon.

An implant is placed on the upper gum side found on the side of the head where the patient feels the most pain.

The implant is planted on the Sphenopalatine Ganglion (SPG} which is a collection of nerves deep in the mid-bone cavity area. The implant has a pointed tip which connects with SPG nerves.

When the patient detects pain they put a hand-held remote device near the cheek where the implant was placed.

When they press the remote, a low-potential electrical charge is produced to stimulate nerve cells which function to block the signals being dispatched out to the brain, therefore, preventing the migraine and headache attacks.

4. Needle-Free Diabetes Care

Patients with diabetes all dislike one thing and that is the “countless needle prick shots”.

Echo Therapeutics based in Philadelphia is coming up with a technology that will replace the pokes with patches. It is working on a transdermal biosensor that will read blood analytes without necessarily pricking the skin.

This involves a hand-held electric toothbrush that removes only top layer skin cells to put the patient’s blood’s chemistry within range signal of a patch-borne biosensor.

The sensors then read data and send them remotely to a monitor which helps trigger alarms in case the blood sugar goes high.

5. Robotic Check-Ups

Robotic check-ups technology is a cost-effective plan that was developed especially to help remote clinics of the US that are medically underserved.

These robots perform routine patrol in the hospitals, check on the patients and even manage their individual charts without direct human interventions.

Moreover, the robots with Remote Presence Virtual Independent Telemedicine Assistant (RP-VITA) are equipped with video teleconferencing abilities which enable doctors to alert the robots anytime in case of emergencies.

Innovation eases the practice of medicine

Introduction of these top technology innovations has contributed to improved health care and lower costs for patients. Innovation in medicine is creating the future we have always dreamed of!


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