Health

Obesity Still on the Rise; Divide Over BPA Safety; DIY Insulin?

According to CDC data, seven states had adult obesity rates over 35% in 2017 — up from only five in 2016.

Following this news, American Heart Association CEO Nancy Brown suggested the long-term focus should be on keeping kids healthy, stating in part: “We urge states and communities to enact taxes on sugary drinks and ensure that healthy beverages such as water and milk come standard with all restaurant kids’ meals.”

IlluminOss Medical’s Photodynamic Bone Stabilization System was cleared by the FDA this week to treat traumatic, fragility, pathological, and impending pathological fractures of the humerus, radius and ulna, often seen in osteoporosis.

BPA replacement in plastic were tied to disruptions in egg and sperm production in mice. “As replacement bisphenols illustrate, it is easier and more cost effective under current chemical regulations to replace a chemical of concern with structural analogs rather than determine the attributes that make it hazardous,” suggested lead author Patricia Hunt, PhD, of Washington State University, in a statement. (Current Biology)

In related news, the jury’s still out on the safety of BPA exposure after an FDA researcher on the previously reported CLARITY-BPA core study stated on Thursday that “most of these regulatory agencies currently conclude that BPA does not pose a risk at estimated dietary exposure levels” — in contrast to what another group of researchers argued just one day before. (NPR)

Could “home-brewed insulin” be a thing in the future? One group of researchers suggested it might be. (Trends in Biotechnology)

Meanwhile, an online community centered around a do-it-yourself open source artificial pancreas system called OpenAPS reported improved blood glucose levels and quality of life, according to an analysis of participants’ Twitter posts. (Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology)

Not only was high-intensity physical activity (HPA) tied to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in a new study — so were low levels of sedentary time (ST) and high cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). As the next steps, the researchers recommended a focus on “how much ST is associated with a clinically relevant increase in risk and which levels of HPA and CRF are associated with clinically relevant lower risk for the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.” (Diabetologia)

Obesity may increase the risk for asthma due to agonist-induced hyperresponsiveness in airway smooth muscle cells. People with obesity and asthma were also less responsive to corticosteroids. (American Journal of Physiology — Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology)

2018-09-14T12:00:00-0400


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